Swing Terminology

We have been getting a lot of questions about some swing terminology lately. Questions include defining what a wide stance is (or how wide should the stance be), body center, leverage angles, spine tilt and others. Todd decided to take some pictures and describe these terms in this month’s e-tip. After viewing these pictures, I can GUARANTEE it answer many of your questions/misunderstandings about some of the common single axis positions.

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  1. WIDE STANCE: This is the stance with we recommend for the golf swing. A 6 iron is just slightly less than shoulder width. A driver is just slightly wider than shoulder width. Exact measurements would have the driver stance exactly 22 inches from inside the left and right heel.
  2. BODY CENTER: This shows with a proper grip and address position, the “V” between the hands is body centered. The center of my body is at my sternum. Notice how this is AFTER the spine is tilted.
  3. LEVERAGE ANGLE: This is what we call the leverage angle. The hands are hinged and cocked to a position where the lead arm is straight and there is an angle between the arm and club shaft.
  4. SPINE TILT: This is the tilt at address and at the top of the backswing after you have formed the leverage angle. This “tilt” is a product of proper lower body motion and hand and arm motion.
  5. HEAD BEHIND BALL: The head starts behind the ball with all clubs. Proper address, spine tilt and ball position create the proper head position. Notice how the hands are in front of the club head (relative to the target) and the head position is directly over the club position.
  6. SINGLE AXIS: The single axis is simply formed from a proper grip and arm position as well as spine tilt. Notice the club shaft aligning with the trail arm and the lead arm is visible above the trail arm.
  7. SINGLE PLANE: This plane is created at address position. The single plane is a reference to the plane of the shaft and its movement in the backswing, initial movement in the downswing and into impact. This plane is established from the correct address position.
  8. SINGLE PLANE (CONTINUED): The plane can be seen as it is referenced by the angle of the club in the backswing. This plane is a great indication that you have moved your arms and hand correctly into the backswing.

Hope these definitions cleared up a few answers and confusion “in the field”.

Good Luck.

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