Students often get confused on how the club moves away in the backswing. In the Second Video of the Seven Principles of Golf Improvement, I discuss how the club can go both straight back and to the inside, it is all a matter of perspective. Here are a explanations (and pictures on the website at to get you started on understanding how the club moves in the backswing.

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1. To feel how the club move in the backswing, first draw a line on the lead hand from the “V” of the hand to the wrist. To draw this line, rotate your lead hand to where the back of the hand faces the target. Form a V with your thumb and index finger. Mark that point. Now, mark a point at the wrist bone in the middle of the wrist. Connect the dots. (See picture #1).

2. Next, place the club in line with the lead hand and arm in the rod position. Will form a straight line from the club head to the lead shoulder. (See picture #2).

3. Move the lead arm back into the back-swing. The lead arm will remain straight in the backswing. (See picture #3).

4. You will notice the line drawn on the lead hand will point at the pivot point / lead hip position. The club has moved both straight back and to the inside depending on your perspective. The perspective is determined by where you are viewing the backswing (either as a the player, someone behind the swing, beside, etc..) (See picture #4).

5. To demonstrate how the club moves straight back and to the inside, place a club under the shaft at the address position. The club is just below the hands and is the same angle as the feet line or in other words, pointed to the target. (See picture #5).

6. Again, notice how the club is parallel to the target line …. this is what is called “straight back”. (See picture #6 – overhead view).

7. In a proper backswing, you will see the club moves away along the club shaft which is straight back from the target…. (See picture #7)

8. The club head moves to the inside from the players perspective. (Compare picture #6 to picture #8 – both overhead pictures and can compare club head)

9. Then as the swing continues, the lead arm hinges as the trail hand cocks and the club moves on plane. This demonstrates how the path of the club relates to the plane of the shaft and how it can go both straight back and to the inside. You will see at the top of the swing that the butt end of the club points to the ball line (on plane position). (See picture #9).

As is described in this instructional tip and in the pictures on our website, you now see how many are confused when they are trying to determine a proper backswing. It depends on the perspective you are looking at to determine if the club goes straight back or to the inside in the backswing.

For more detailed instruction on this topic and too see these pictures in “action”, please view our 2nd Section of our “7 Principles of Golf Improvement” .

Good Luck.